Head trauma: First aid – MayoClinic.com

Head trauma: First aid – MayoClinic.com

By Mayo Clinic staff

Most head trauma involves injuries that are minor and don’t require hospitalization. However, call 911 or your local emergency number if any of the following signs or symptoms are apparent.

Adults

Severe head or facial bleeding
Bleeding or fluid leakage from the nose or ears
Severe headache
Change in level of consciousness for more than a few seconds
Black-and-blue discoloration below the eyes or behind the ears
Cessation of breathing
Confusion
Loss of balance
Weakness or an inability to use an arm or leg
Unequal pupil size
Slurred speech
Seizures

Children

Any of the signs or symptoms for adults
Persistent crying
Refusal to eat
Bulging in the soft spot on the front of the head (infants)
Repeated vomiting

If severe head trauma occurs

Keep the person still. Until medical help arrives, keep the injured person lying down and quiet, with the head and shoulders slightly elevated. Don’t move the person unless necessary, and avoid moving the person’s neck. If the person is wearing a helmet, don’t remove it.
Stop any bleeding. Apply firm pressure to the wound with sterile gauze or a clean cloth. But don’t apply direct pressure to the wound if you suspect a skull fracture.
Watch for changes in breathing and alertness. If the person shows no signs of circulation (breathing, coughing or movement), begin CPR.

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About psy4mba

Violence is everybody's business! Follow me on Twitter @TurtleWoman777 Master of Psychology - Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, Palo Alto, California MBA Executive - Colorado Technical University Bachelor of Science - Eastern Kentucky University Teaching Certification - University of Phoenix currently working on PhD in Psychology, dissertation on "Altruistic Personality Development as Opposed to the Bystander Effect" Have about a year to go, but took a break because takes hours a day doing research and #FreeSyria needs extra support. I can't focus on school until Syria is Free, then I will go back and finish up PhD. I will finish it, but Human lives are more important, I really do have enough education. :)
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